Monday, November 21, 2011

Heavy Pulp in my O.J. Please! . . . pulp and peel have natural antibiotic properties.

I've always preferred my orange juice with pulp, but it has been harder to come by in the small grocery stores of my area - of course there's always Walmart; I can usually find it there if I force myself through their anti-small business doors.  But, even there it is still in the minority of orange juices to select from.  One can assume that most folks (at least in my rural area) don't want pulp in their O.J. --  maybe it gets caught in their teeth, doesn't feel right on the tongue, who knows? 

British White Bull Calf, Son of El Presidente, Coming along
nicely due to his dam's 'regular healthy diet' that is also supplemented
with vitamins and minerals..........
 But -- I'd be willing to bet good money they'd be demanding there families drink O.J. with Heavy Pulp if they had any idea that it had medicinal benefits well beyond that silky sipping O.J. they've been drinking all these years. 

I've always been intrigued by research and resulting implementation in regard to bovines versus humans of vitamin and mineral supplementation for enhancing fertility, longevity, and disease resistance.  Just recently something hit the mainstream news in regard to humans and vitamin supplementation -- that perhaps they're not necessary for most humans who eat a regular healthy diet. 

Yet, we put our cattle out there on natural grass pastures, feed them alfalfa or grain as a supplement - and still make sure they get supplemental vitamins and minerals.  I know I try to take a combo Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc regularly - clearly its good for the cows, so I figure it is likely good for me as well.  And have you happened to notice that some bovine supplements even have Vitamin D3 in them?  I found that an interesting addition to the bovine mix - they are after all outside every single day of their lives!

I'm certainly tickled to now find out that pulp in my O.J. is a really good thing - no doubt it would take decades of research and vast sums of money spent by the USDA & FDA, etc. . .  before any Florida orange juice farmer could recommend pulp in their O.J. as healthier for a human.  Instead, I predict we'll see 'dried orange peel pellets' on the market by next year --  in a pretty package for humans to swallow down with their smooth and silky sipping O.J.

The following is most of the text in regard to this study that finds orange juice pulp and peel has 'natural antibiotic' properties:

"U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists and their collaborators have conducted a series of studies that explore non-antibiotic methods to reduce foodborne pathogens that are found in the gut of food animals.

The team consists of Agricultural Research Service (ARS) microbiologist Todd R. Callaway, with the agency's Food and Feed Safety Research Unit in College Station, Texas; ARS animal scientist and project leader Jeffery Carroll with the agency's Livestock Issues Research Unit in Lubbock, Texas; and John Arthington at the University of Florida in Ona.
Early studies showed that citrus products provide cows with good roughage and vitamins, and the essential oils in such products provide a natural antibiotic effect.

Callaway's early data showed the feasibility of using orange pulp as a feed source to provide anti-pathogenic activity in cattle. He also showed that consumption of citrus byproducts (orange peel and pulp) by cattle is compatible with current production practices, and the byproducts are palatable to the animals. 

Orange Peel Waste being used to make Ethanol
Photo Source:  The Sietch Blog
 Callaway then shed light on how to exploit the essential oils inside the peel and pulp that are natural antimicrobials. Collaborations with researchers Steven Ricke and Philip Crandall at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville also have identified specific essential oils that kill the pathogenic bacteria.

From the time Callaway began studying citrus as an animal gut cleanser, he recognized that citrus peel can be heavy and expensive to ship long distances, so his latest studies have investigated the use of processed orange peel pellets.

For one study, the team fed dried orange peel pellets to sheep as a model for cows for eight days. They found a tenfold reduction in Salmonella populations in the animals' intestinal contents. Callaway received a grant from the National Cattleman's Beef Association (Beef Checkoff funds) to help fund the study. Results from the 2011 study were published in Foodborne Pathogens and Disease."

Link to Drovers Cattle Network Source Article: USDA scientists reduce pathogens in cattle with orange peels ; USDA - Updated: November 15, 2011

Monday, November 14, 2011

Hardships of Early Texas Pioneers - Late 19th Century Poetry

Newspaper Source:  Texas Siftings, Published August 1, 1885, Reproduced below as printed in the newspaper.  I found this a very moving and visual old ballad that well captures the travails of early Texas settlers, as well as the distinct voice of the times.  No author is credited, merely the 'Written for Siftings' as presented below.  Texas Siftings was started in 1881 in Austin, Texas.  See the Texas State Historical Association discussion of this early newspaper at this link.


[Written for Siftings]

"Then why do I sell?" you ask me again
Big cabin, an' clearin', an' all?
Well, Stranger, I'll tell you; though maybe you'll think
It ain't any reason at all.
There's plenty of hardships in pi'neer life;
It's a hard workin' stint; at the best,
But I'd stick to it yet if 't wa'nt for this:
A heart like a log in my breast.

D'ye see over there by the cotton wood tree,
A climbin' rose close by a mound,
Inside of a fence made of rough cedar boughs,
With Woodbine all runnin' around?
Well -- Netty, my darling old woman, lies there:
Not very old either you see
She wa'n't mor'n twenty the year I come West,
Sh'd be comin' grass, thirty-three.

How she worked with a will at our first little hut,
In the fields and among garden stuff
Till her forehead was burned, and her poor little hands,
Through hardships, grew rugged and rough.
She never complained; but many a time
I have come in and found her just there,
With eyelids all red and her face to the East:
You see all her own folks were there.

I'd cheer her and tell her we'd go by and' bye
When the clearin' an' ploughin' was through;
But then came the baby.  He wa'n't very strong,
And poor Netty had plenty to do.
So after a while she got gloomy again;
She would hide in the corn-field to cry;
We hadn't no meetin' to speak of, you know,
Not a woman to talk to was nigh.

An' she wanted to show little Joe to her folk;
She was hungry, I s'pose, for the sight
Of faces and scenes she had had loved all her life,
Which 'twas natteral, Stranger, and right.
But just when we'd planned to go over the plains,
The devilish Sioux came about.
So we waited, it may be, a harvest or two,
And then came the summer of drought --

That left us poor people.  The next coming spring
Such a wearisome fever came round:
An' Stranger -- hold on till I tell you -- there now --
It had little Joe in the ground.
Netty pined to a shadder, and moped by his grave
And her eyes grew so large and so clear,
That I knowed we had got to go soon to the East
If I cared about keepin' her here.

If you'd seen her poor face when at last I could say
I would take her home vistin'.  Well --
I'll never forget how she put up her hands
Into mine, and for joy cried a spell.
She didn't feel strong though, that week or the next,
An' the cough an' the fever increased,
But softly she'd whisper -- she couldn't speak loud --
"We'll go -- by an' bye -- to the East."

She never got East any further than that,
Right over there under the mound;
But I'm going to take her and Joe in the spring
to her father's old burying ground.
That Stranger's the reason I'm willin' to sell;
You can buy at a bargain, you see;
It's mighty good land for a settler to have,
But it seems like a grave-yard to me."

Monday, November 7, 2011

Rain Making in Texas - A Successful Explosives Experiment in 1891

Okay, now this I find quite interesting; it would appear that rain was successfully conjured up in the Midland, Texas area in the fall of 1891.  Also of note is the author's mention of the extent of the drought in the Midland area in 1891 - " . . . little or no rain had fallen the locality for some three years."  It seems the successful experiment was premised on the rains that seemed to consistently fall in the grueling days of the Civil War following the cannon shots and gunfire of major battles.  Hmmm . . . there are a lot of guns in Texas . . . maybe we need to pick a day and time and all shoot at the sky!

Otago Witness , Issue 1965, 22 October 1891, Page 45

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Timaru Herald, Volume LIII, Issue 5269, 21 October 1891, Page 3

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Monday, October 31, 2011

Last British White Calf of the Fall Calving Season - A Low Birth Weight Heifer

Okay, well I am fairly behind in my efforts to post a blog every week.  What can I say?  I have been under the weather, otherwise indisposed, and off my game to say the least.

Here is a video of the last calf born in to my Fall calving season.  Rather than strain my old brain, I'll just regurgitate my comments made on the video description:

"This was my last British White calf born in my fall calving group and I really was surprised. This heifer was sired by J.West's Elvis, who generally has average birth weight calves. But, McQueenie has consistently had very low birth weight calves with a variety of sires. This is her first Elvis calf, and this little heifer weighed an actual bathroom scale weight of 41 lbs. I could really care less that she is overmarked, I'm just thrilled she's a girl and the birth weight is so very low. It really is proving McQueenie's ability to impact birth weights all on her own."
I would also add that this is the FIRST overmarked calf McQueenie has birthed, and she has never had anything but heifers.  So, don't be so quick to sell those overmarks that have otherwise very desirable traits you'd like to see in your herd.  McQueenie's lineage originated here at J.West Cattle Co. with HRH Bountiful, the pretty front and center headshot of the Halliburton Farms auction back in ..... 2002, I think.  What an outstanding group of American Fullblood descendants I have from this mighty fine Popeye sired cow from the Halliburton herd.  And in case you were wondering, Bountiful is still part of my herd, and is now the official senior, most elder, oldest, most experienced . . . . cow in my herd!

Sunday, October 16, 2011

Old Sayings and Remedy's - Tyler County, Texas

Payton and Iva Butler Brown in Goose Creek

These are some of the "Old Sayings and Remedy's" of Iva Butler Brown Gray that relate to the weather and raising cattle.   Kenneth Brown, my neighbor and helper here at the ranch, shared these writings of his mother with me this week. 

Iva was born Oct. 13, 1905 in Colmesneil, Texas, and lived to age 95, passing away in 2001.  In April of 1999 she wrote down several pages of old sayings and remedies learned both from her own life experiences, and passed down from her family.  

1)  "The first 12 days after Christmas day are called 'The Old 12 Days' and the kind of weather can be determined by the 12 days representing the next 12 months of the New Year."

2)  "Thunder in February means frost on that day in April (or real cool)."

3)  "Aunt Frankie Gregory (my Mother's sister) always said that between eleven and 2 o'clock you could tell what the weather would do."

4)  "My Grandparents (Allen's) thought March 13th best to plant pepper seed and the 17th of September best day to plant fall turnip seed and start Fall garden."

5)  "Butcher cattle and hogs on the full moon to have good meat to eat."

6)  "Brand cattle on decrease of the moon and the brand won't grow large."

7)  " 'Mark' cattle or hogs when the moon signs are 'in the knees' (1) and they won't bleed but very little."

8)  "Wean calves or children when the signs are 'in the knees'(1), they won't grieve for their mothers or cry much."

9)  "Boil red oak bark or blackberry roots and give the liquid to calves or horses.  This will stop diarrhea in calves or horses."

10)  "For food poison in cattle - Mix 1/2 lb Epsom salts, 1/2 lb soda, 3 Tablespoons ginger, put in bottle, add enough water to make a pint and drench (several times)."

Waxing Crescent Moonshot I took a couple years back. . . .
(1) The moon is "in the knees" when it is in the sign of Capricorn, per the Farmer's Almanac .  "Each day of the month is said to be ruled by one of the twelve signs of the zodiac.  Each sign appears at least once a month for a period of two or three days." (See Hendry County Horticultural News  )   Consult the online Farmer's Almanac current Zodiac Calendar if you'd like to start planting, branding, harvesting, etc... by the daily changes in the planets and the moon.

And Iva finished up her list of sage advice with these two old sayings to live by that most readers will be familiar with:

** "A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches."
** "An ounce of prevention is worth more than a pound of cure."

And I was happy to see two recipes included, one for cake and one for pecan pie -- certainly two staple sweets in the kitchens of bygone days in Southeast Texas.

"This is Grandmother Butler's cake recipe."

2 Eggs
1 Cup Sugar
1 1/2 Cups Flour
1 teaspoon Baking Powder
1 teaspoon Vanilla
1/2 cup Butter (or shortening)
1/2 teaspoon Salt

Bake at 350 degrees until done.
This is a recipe for "Good Pecan Pie", Mrs. Gray doesn't tell us what temperature or how long to cook it, but I'd imagine you can bake it at 350 degrees until done as well.

1 Cup White Corn Syrup
3 Eggs
3/4 Cup Sugar
1 Cup Pecans ("I chop mine")
1 teaspoon Vanilla

 . . . . My thanks to Kenneth Brown for agreeing to let me share these old sayings passed down to him from his mother.